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GNP and starch consumption are correlated figures. Starch is an integrated ingredient in so many and different products, that starch is the single most significant industrialization indicator. Substantial amounts of starch is used in the manufacture of paper, textile, sweets, soft drinks, foods - in particular industrial processed foods and is recently replacing sugar as a sweetener and made into fuel alcohol. Higher industrial activity means more starch consumed.
Starch annual consumption in grammes may be calculated from GNP by this formula Starch in grammes per capita = a*GNP^b, where (in 1998) a=150 and b=1.25 and GNP is the gross national product (GNP) in USD of a country divided by the number of its inhabitants.
There are exceptions to the rule. The rule typically underestimates consumption in starch exporting countries because their home market is expanded by the starch abundance, but fortunately they have reliable statistics instead. Deviations from statistics are found in low income countries, because statistics do not count farm produced starch.
Starch in South Africa - Info
Starch Trade. 2003 a new ECOWAS factory began manufacturing native high grade cassava starch. The starch is produced on equipment supplied by International Starch Institute, Denmark and will meet the highest standards. More about the Ecowas factory.
First African Starch Factory. The cassava-to-starch processing plant erected by CS Manufacturing in Dendron, Northern Province, at a cost of R28m, is not only the first commercial cassava processing plant in SA, but one of the few functioning in Africa. More about the Dendon factory.Technical Memorandum on EU Starch Policy. The fundamental objectives of the European Union (EU) agricultural settlement are to secure an adequate supply of food to the people and a decent income to the farmer and his family. More about the EU Starch Policy. Market Place This market place is dedicated to starch and down stream products and our own WEB-spider will try to keep it that way. Advertising is free and sellers and buyers are in direct contact with nobody in between. More about the market place.
White Fly attack has cut starch production in Thailand 2010.
The total utilization of starch in the world in 2008 was 66 million tons. This may reach 75 million tons by 2012 - an annual growth rate of 2-3%. The US market growth rate is 2% per year, EU 2%, Japan 1-2%, China and India, however, are expecting the growth to be 4-5 % - all the rest 3-4%. The world total rose at an average rate of 4.0% per annum in the past, so future growth is a rather conservative estimate.
Based on figures obtained from EU Commission and USDA a different estimate for starch production 2000 by starch origin is:
|Starch in million tons 2000||Maize||Potatoes||Wheat||Other||Total|
|Output by Product 2000 million tons starch equivalent||US||EU|
|High fructose syrups||8.0||0.3|
|Native and Modified Starches||3.6||4.5|
These figures are rapidly changing. Cassava starch is increasing its market share and holds today 7.5 % of world starch market. This figure will rise as South East Asia, South America continue production economics growth.
US is the largest starch manufacturer with bioethanol and Fructose syrups together representing 72% of starch output.- Ethanol alone 40%.
China is the second largest starch supplier in the world. Output includes corn, potato cassava and wheat starch - native and modified. The output reached 17 million tonnes in 2008 and will probably grow to 25 million tonnes by 2020. China is also the second largest consumer of native starch in the world - the consumption is growing rapidly.Starch Product Notes:
DuPont makes a 1, 3 propendiol (PDO) a monomer for 3 GT polymer as a synthetic fibre alternative.
Cargill makes polyacetate for biodegradable film as a plastic film replacer.
National Starch Novation functional starches based on waxy maize, tapioca, waxy rice and potato and produced by a physical process are classified in the EU as ingredients not additives. It means they are not described by E numbers on product packaging in line with clean label trends. It makes it possible prepare high-quality, natural, clean-labelled foods that can withstand the rigors of chilled and frozen distribution encountered in the food industry. The grow at a rate of above 10 % pro anno is driven by the "Clean Label".Curdlan - a fermentation-produced polysaccharide as is Xanthan, and Gellan - is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration on December 16, 1996. and now has become the third fermentation-produced polysaccharide to be approved by the FDA for food use in the United States. It is produced by the micro-organism Alcaligenes faecalis var. myxogenes. This product allow gel formation when simply heated in an aqueous suspension. Manufactured and marketed under the name of Pureglucam, by Takeda U.S.A. it has been widely used in countries such as Japan, Korea, and Taiwan.